The Athlete of the 1920 Games was Nedo Nadi of Italy, who swept the gold medals in the five fencing events, a feat still unequalled. Until swimmer Mark Spitz came along in 1972 and won seven, Nadi held the record as the athlete to win the most gold medals at any Olympics.
According to SportsReference.com:
“Nedo Nadi was lucky in the foil event. He won ten of his eleven final parties, but lost to Roger Ducret of France. With Ducret only having to beat the last-placed fencer in the pool, he was expected to win the gold, and Nadi withdrew crying. In his euphoria, Ducret failed to concentrate for his last match and was beaten by Speciale of Italy, leaving first place for Nadi.”
Nadi’s younger brother Aldo won four medals at the 1920 Games. He shared three team golds and won the silver, behind Nedo, in the sabre competition.
The Nadi brothers and others benefited from Hungary being banned from the Games, because the Hungarian fencing team traditionally was a strong competitor.
The Nadis turned pro after the Olympics.
The 1920 Olympics, less than two years after the Armistice, were held in Antwerp, to honor Belgium as the country that had suffered the most devastation during the war. (I would have argued for France.) Countries have to put a lot of money into hosting the Games, so maybe this honor was also a burden.
Of course, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey were banned from competing.
The opening ceremonies included the first use of the Olympic flag, the first time reciting of the Olympic oath and the first release of doves as a symbol of peace.
Pierre, the Baron de Coubertin, who served as president of the International Olympic Committee, said of the 1920 Games:
“This is what the seventh Olympiad has brought us: general comprehension; the certainty of being henceforward understood by all … These festivals … are above all festivals of human unity. In an incomparable synthesis the effort of muscles and of mind, mutual help and competition, lofty patriotism and intelligent cosmopolitanism, the personal interest in the champion and the abnegation of the team-member, are bound in a sheaf for a common task.”
Belgium contributed 336 athletes, including 10 women, and won 42 medals, including 16 golds. Here’s the Belgian team, marching into the stadium:
The procession of the athletes of Belgium
The National World War I Museum at Liberty Memorial currently has an exhibit titled “World War I All-Stars: Sports & the Inter-Allied Games” and here’s the scoop on one of its stars:
Army Lieutenant Charles Paddock gained his first public acclaim as a speed runner at the Inter-Allied Games in 1919. He won the 100 and 200 meter sprints and set the world record at the Games in the 200 meters. A trademark move of Paddocks was the “flying finish” where he would leap about twelve feet from the finish line and break the tape while in the air.
Charles Paddock at the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium
After WWI, Paddock went on to lasting fame in the 1920 and 1924 Olympics. It is generally acknowledged that the term “World’s Fastest Human” was coined for Paddock when he set five world records in 1921.
Here’s a webite with more about Paddock:
Here’s a link to video of the Parade of Nations at the Inter-Allied Games, held in Paris, June 22 to July 6, 1919: